(1 concentration camp, 2 prisons)
Forced-labor concentration camps: 15
Torture-facility prisons: 4
Human Rights in the Republic of Georgia (CIS) 1999, posted on www.ishr.org, International Society for Human Rights (ISHR), Frankfurt/M., Germany, Feb. 26, 2000 (on active concentration camps at Khoni, Ksani, & Rustavi, & prisons in Tbilisi & Zugdidi).
Gugushvilli, B.P., Ed., Georgia GULAG 1997, posted on www.geocities.com/shavlego/, 1997 (on active concentration camp at Ksani).
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (www.rferl.org), Six Georgian convicts killed by grenade, posted on www.hri.org/news/, Hellenic Resources Inst., May 21, 2001 (on active concentration camp at Ksani, & prison in Tbilisi).
Shifrin, A., The First Guidebook to Prisons and Concentration Camps of the Soviet Union, Bantam Books, New York, 1982.
South Caucasian Human Rights Monitor (Eurasianet), excerpts of publications posted on www.ecoi.net, European Country of Origin Information Network, documents dated March 7, 22, 27, & 31 & April 14, 2000 (on active concentration camps at Avtchala, Khoni, Ksani, & Rustavi [2 camps], & prisons in Rustavi & elsewhere).