Concentration Camps Today

(Soviet) Uzbekistan

Capital: Tashkent
(3 concentration camps, 3 prisons)

Death camps: 7
• Almalyk (underground uranium mine)
• Andizhan (underground uranium mine)
• Fergana (uranium mine [underground] & enrichment facility)
• Kokand (underground uranium mine)
• Kulkuduk (uranium mines)
• Leninsk (uranium mine [underground] & enrichment facility)
• Margelan (uranium mine [underground] & enrichment facility)

(death by radiation poisoning in all 7)

Forced-labor concentration camps: 24
• 3 for children (Tashkent, Navoi, Urga)
• 3 for women and their babies (Tashkent [2], Zing-Ata)

Torture-facility prisons: 6

Psychiatric prisons: 2


“Uzbekistan: death in detention of Orif Eshonov,” posted on, Kyrgyz Committee for Human Rights, World Organization Against Torture (OMCT), June 2, 2003 (on active prison in Shaikhali).

“Uzbekistani political prisoners get amnesty after ‘repentance,’” posted on, PRIMA News Agency, Moscow, Russia, Nov. 12, 2001 (on active concentration camp at Shaikhali).

Shifrin, A., The First Guidebook to Prisons and Concentration Camps of the Soviet Union, Bantam Books, New York, 1982.