Red China (Canton & Hainan)
Forced-labor concentration camps: 121
6 for women (Shiaoxu/Boluo, Hengjiang/Baoan, Huangtan/Sanshui, Tiaofeng/Leizhou, Xicun/Guangzhou, northern Canton [Canton])
2 for children (Boluo, Maan/Hiuyang [Canton])
Torture-facility prisons: 10
1 for women (Guangzhou [Canton])
*Note: In this region, the locations of 5 camps are not precisely known. These are distributed randomly on the map.
Wu, H.H., Laogai: The Chinese Gulag, Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 1992.